Oncology & Hematology

Meet Our Specialists

About Oncology & Hematology

Our oncologists are truly passionate about treating hematological and cancer disorders. Dr. Knecht and Dr. Salam develop strong relationships with their patients as they become a part of their life journey. Unfortunately, many of the diagnoses our oncologists encounter weigh down heavily on families. The journey can become difficult, but Dr. Knecht and Dr. Salam are with their patients every step of the way. Not everything is preventable, but with the right touch, healing can be achieved in any manner.

Oncology is the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of cancer. Though all cancer results from the same general biochemical events, slight differences in the types of cells that eventually become cancerous greatly affects how the disease is treated.

We specialize in the treatment of the following conditions:
  • Breast Cancer
  • Colorectal Cancer
  • Gynecologic Cancers
  • Hematologic Cancer
  • Anemia
  • Blood Clots
  • More other related conditions

Oncologists often work closely with other specialties to diagnose and treat cancer. Pathologists, radiologists, and social workers are all part of the multidisciplinary team needed to treat and manage cancer. Oncologists usually lead these teams and coordinate patient care.

State-of-the-Art Cancer Care

Treating cancer is one of the most complex endeavors in medical care. Modern cancer treatment is made possible due to an ability to precisely identify specific cancers that allow oncologists to tailor treatment to the specific needs of the patient and the disease. Many current approaches to cancer treatment work only when the specific cells that cause cancer, along with their unique characteristics, are known.

Perhaps the most important advancement in the treatment of cancer in recent years has been the development of immunologic therapy (a.k.a. immunotherapy), which recruits the body’s own immune system to help fight cancer. Immunologic therapy is custom tailored not just to the individual cancer being treated, but to the individual patient as well. Immunotherapy uses monoclonal antibodies, oncolytic viruses, interferons, interleukins, T-cell therapy, and cancer vaccines to boost the body’s natural defenses against cancer. By specifically targeting individual cancer sub-types, immunotherapy is vastly improving the success rates of cancer therapy.

The most important principle in all of cancer therapy, however, is early diagnosis. The sooner a cancer is caught, the more likely it is that it can be cured. Oncologists continue to push the limits of blood testing, imaging (x-ray, CT, MRI, etc.), and other methods of early diagnosis in order to make cancer care more effective and improve long-term survival rates. Thanks to the efforts of oncologists, once incurable cancers like leukemia, testicular cancer, lymphoma, and sarcoma are becoming increasingly curable, sometimes even when metastatic.

Oncology & Hematology FAQ

Oncology is a medical field that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. A physician who specializes in oncology is called an oncologist. Oncologists may use blood tests, biopsies, endoscopy, CT scans, MRI scans, and x-rays among other methods to help diagnose the cancer or tumor. Therapies may include radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or other means to manage the cancer with the goal of improving and prolonging the quality of life.

Chemotherapy is one of the treatment modalities used to treat cancer. It kills the rapidly dividing cancer cells in various ways, and it depends on the drug used. The common mechanisms by which these drugs kill the cancer cells include causing damage to the DNA, preventing division of cells, or disturbing the cell metabolism.

Chemotherapy is generally given as an intravenous injection, but may also be given in the form of a pill or by intrathecal/intraventricular injection directly into the spinal fluid. The treatment is scheduled in cycles, which means that there will be a period of rest followed by each treatment session. A chemotherapy course comprises of several cycles, usually four to six cycles. Each cycle lasts for about one, two, or four weeks. There are various types of chemotherapeutic drugs available. Your oncologist will determine the one or a combination of drugs that suits you well.

Typically, chemotherapy sessions will be scheduled on a daily, weekly, or monthly basis. The actual time taken for administering the chemotherapy drugs may vary from a few minutes to several hours. The frequency of your chemotherapy session depends on your type of cancer, and the drugs that you are given. Your oncologist will detect the most effective treatment schedule that suits your condition.

A large number of people are at an increased risk for anemia because of deficient diet, chronic disease, intestinal disorder, infection, and other conditions. The risk of anemia becomes greater as one grows older. Pregnant women are at a higher risk for this disease. People who involve themselves in vigorous sports activities such as jogging or basketball are at risk for anemia due to red blood cell destruction in their bloodstream.

You may be at an increased risk for anemia if you have any of the listed chronic conditions:

  • Inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn’s disease or Ulcerative colitis)
  • Cancer
  • Thyroid disease
  • Kidney and liver disease
  • Rheumatoid arthritis or other autoimmune diseases

The signs and symptoms of anemia are most commonly neglected, and in most cases, people are not aware of their anemia until it is discovered on a blood test.

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