Heart failure refers to the buildup of fluid around the heart causing the heart to not pump adequately. There are two different kinds of heart failure, systolic and diastolic heart failure.
- Systolic Heart Failure occurs when the left lower chamber of the heart does not contract at the proper force, decreasing the amount of blood circulated throughout the body.
- Diastolic Heart Failure occurs when the left lower chamber is thickened and unable to relax properly. This impairs the amount of blood that is filled into the chamber between heart beats.
- Symptoms: Swelling to the legs, fatigue, shortness of breath, chest pain, fast breathing, water retention/weight gain and palpitations.
- Treatment: When diet and exercise is not improving the symptoms, cardiac medications may be needed to improve the symptoms. There is a wide range of medications that can be used to remove the excess fluid along with improving the pumping function of the heart.